European Laboratory for the Investigation of Food-Induced Diseases - ELFID
ELFID is associated to the Department of Mother and Child Health of the University Hospital “Federico II”. For the implementation of research activities special connections have been established with the following Sections.
The Celiac Disease Center, serving the whole Regione Campania, offers the possibility of diagnosis of the disease, also in unclear cases with the help of advanced histological techniques and genetic investigations. Celiac children are also followed up on a gluten free diet with scheduled visits by paediatrician and nutritionist to monitor growth, compliance to the diet and onset of any clinical and nutritional complication.
Special interest is paid to the children with potential celiac disease. Cohort of at risk children are followed-up in view of possible prevention programs.
The GI Endoscopy and Motility Suite provides pediatric investigations for diseases of the GI tract, including food-diseases. The Unit is committed to training, development and education of its staff and offers opportunities for research.
GI Endoscopy. Among diagnostic procedures the Unit offers upper and lower GI endoscopy and wireless capsule endoscopy. GI endoscopies are done under anesthesia or under deep sedation in the operatory room and in a renewed endoscopy suite, respectively. The main indication for upper GI endoscopy for food- induced diseases are celiac disease and food allergy, in particular eosinophilic esophagitis and eosinophilic colits.
pH studies and manometric studies. The unit offers multichannel intraluminal impedance that allows for detection of flow throughout the esophagus. It is, therefore, able to detect all gastroesophageal reflux (GER), whether acid, weakly acid, or weakly alkaline. It not only detects all GER but also enables us to more accurately reveal associations between GER and symptoms. It finds application in the diagnostic approach of children with suspected food induced diseases (e.g. eosinophilic esophagitis, secondary gastroesophageal reflux disease). Esophageal, antroduodenal and anorectal motility studies can be performer by high-resolution pressure topography (HREPT).
HREPT has several advantages compared with conventional manometry, the technology that it was designed to replace. Compared with conventional manometry, HREPT has improved sensitivity for detecting achalasia, largely due to the objectivity and accuracy with whith it identifies impaired esophago-gastric junction relation. The main indication for GI manometric studies in food-induced diseases is food allergy-related chronic constipation.
Food Allergy Comprehensive Education, Treatment and Support Program is designed to treat all aspects of food allergies, including medical, dietary, social and psychological concerns by a multidisciplinary team composed by pediatricians, allergists, dieticians, nutritionists, social workers, nurses, psychologists, neuropsychiatrists, and allergy biotechnicians. The Program has been accredited as the Reference Center for Pediatric Allergy by the Italian Society of Allergy and Pediatric Immunology, SIAIP.
Main activities of the Program are: